Do You Know Where Iceland is Situated in the World?
Iceland is located in between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Oceans. It is one of the five Nordic countries found in the North Atlantic and Northern Europe. Finland, Norway, Denmark and Sweden are all Nordic neighbours of Iceland. The exact geographical location of Iceland sits between longitudes 25° and 13° west and latitudes 63° and 67° north. With a total area of a little over 100,000 kilometers squared, Iceland contains 325,671 people. The largest city in Iceland is Reykjavik which is in addition the capital.
There are many lava deserts since around fifty percent of Iceland is volcanic. Hundreds of Iceland volcanoes have been discovered, of which about thirty are still active. From the year 1783 to the year 1784, a whole lot of volcanic activity occurred, causing a famine due to which a large amount of the population of Iceland were adversely impacted. Nearly twenty five percent of the whole population of Iceland perished due to that crisis. Ordinarily, Iceland experiences just two eruptions a decade even with it having a lot of active volcanoes. Kentucky is only a little larger than Iceland. Iceland has almost 5000 km of coast. Many tiny islands in the country can be found on the south coast with the very biggest ones, Westman and Vestmannaeyjar islands. Found in the southwest coast of the country, the capital of Iceland is called Reykjavík.
There are several smaller glaciers, but three gigantic ones envelop nearly 11% of Iceland. Only one percent of the massive country is cultivated. Fishing used to be a hugely important aspect of life in Iceland, for the above listed reasons. Mountains, lava fields and glaciers cover the majority of Iceland. Although the latitude of Iceland is rather high, it follows a moderate climate outside the Arctic Circle.
Iceland is included in Europe due to political, historical, practical and cultural purposes. The foremost reason of all is that it is located closer to Europe than to North America. Iceland is considered the 18th biggest island on the globe and has thirty little islands. The south coast is windy and warm compared to the north coast. The Central Highlands have the lowest temperature in Iceland making it the coldest part of the island. In the north of the country, the flat inland places are the arid ones. In winter, there is much more snowfall in north than the south. Iceland experiences diverse weather conditions in various parts of the island. The climate at the coast of Iceland is subpolar oceanic. Iceland has much higher temperatures than the countries on the earth with comparable altitudes. These days, the coastline normally stays ice-free despite being near the Arctic.
Iceland is divided into eight regions based on their special geographic traits. They are known as West, Capital Region, Westfjords, Northwest, Northeast, Southern Peninsula, East and South.
The capital of Iceland is Reykjavík, which is the planet’s most northerly capital and Europe’s most westerly capital which can be found in southwest Iceland and spreads across a peninsula. Reykjavik is the primary city for all Icelandic activities because it is the capital city.
South Iceland is an area of natural marvels and this includes volcanoes, glaciers, waterfalls and geysers; it is bounded by the capital city, Reykjavík in the western side. In regards to the population in the country, South Iceland is really diverse. Some spots are highly populated whereas others are quite bare. There are lowlands and lava fields and gigantic outwash and alluvial plains to the east. There is less agriculture in this particular area. Contrary to this, the western aspect has completely contrary attributes and it has the finest agricultural land in Iceland. The landscapes in this spot are beautiful. The southern central Highlands offer gigantic glaciers, active volcanoes and tremendous mountain ranges.
Westman Islands can be discovered in Iceland’s south coast. This area has about 15 islands. This place is considered a haven for bird watching and it contains the habitat for puffins as just one example. The area is home to roughly 20% of all the puffins on earth. The eastern parts of west Iceland have glaciers.
East Iceland is relatively less inhabited and is thought of as the third biggest lowland area of Iceland with a large number of irrigational areas and farms. This place is diverse and extremely stunning including a large number of peaks along the east coast.
One of the world’s biggest bird cliffs with the biggest razorbill population, Westfjords is probably among the most remote places in Iceland. Westfjords is an area that has a lot of mountains with a long coastline and nearly half of the total shoreline is enveloped with intense glaciations. The seasons at the shore vary regularly.
North Iceland is an attractive region possessing countless mountains, volcanic craters, landscapes, waterfalls, hot springs and glacial rivers.
The Icelandic Highlands have landscapes that are uninhabited. In this location, green oases are found in remote valleys. This location also includes geothermic spring spots. Rocky deserts, giant glaciers, volcanoes and lakes are the main qualities of this area.